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Lieutenant General JFR Jacob (Jacob-Farj-Rafael Jacob) is widely known in India as one of the military masterminds behind India's successful liberation of Bangladesh in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971.
He is a former governor of the Indian states of Punjab and Goa and Lieutenant General (Retired) of the Indian Army.
His family were Baghdadi Jews who were originally from Iraq but settled in the Indian City of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) in the middle of the 18th century.
Since the establishment of diplomatic relations between India and Israel, Jacob has paid many visits to Israel. Prime minister Yitzhak Rabin invited him to attend the Jerusalem 3,000 celebrations. On his recent visit here, he contributed items of Judaica from his parent's home to the Museum of Babylonian Jewry in Or Yehuda. His home in New Delhi has for years been a pilgrimage site for Israeli diplomats, researchers and security officers.
In the late `90s, Jacob joined the Hindu-majority center-right Indian political party "Bharatiya Janata Party". He served as the party's security adviser for many years.
Lt. General Jacob is the author of the book: "Surrender at Dacca : Birth of a Nation"